Leiomyoma of the uterus, commonly known as the uterine fibroids, is a problem that occurs in the uterus of a woman. It is non-cancerous growth that occurs in uterus of a lady. They are diverse when it comes to size. It is as small as a quarter of an inch and can grow as big as a cantaloupe. It may make some women look like 5 months pregnant. Most of the times, it causes pain and heavy bleeding. However, most of the women are unaware of this problem, and they take it as something else. Here in this article, we are going to provide you an overview of this problem.
(microscopic view of leiomyoma of the uterus)
The Uterine Fibroids
As I mentioned earlier, the uterine fibroids are growths that occur in the uterus. It is mainly attached to the wall of the uterus. The size can vary in women. But when you consider the pregnant women, the size increases dramatically. It is said that the size increases because of increases in the levels of estrogen. After pregnancy, the fibroids usually shrink back. The size becomes the same as it was before pregnancy. It is also considered as the common tumor of female genital tract. The thing about these fibroids is that, in most of the women, they do not cause any symptoms at all or may create just a slight disturbance.
Types of Fibroids
There are three main types of fibroids. These are:
Subserosal Fibroids: These are the fibroids that grow under the outer covering of uterus. They expand to the outer area along the wall. The appearance of the uterus is also changed due to this problem. This type of fibroids hardly put an impact on the menstrual cycle of a woman. But it can create other problems. These problems include the pelvic pain and back pain. The person suffering from it generally feels pressure. The base of these fibroids is similar to stem or stalk. In order to diagnose it properly, you need to have an ultrasound or MR.
Intramural Fibroids: The intramural fibroids develop inside the uterus lining. Unlike subserosal fibroids, they develop inwards and increase the size of the uterus. These are the most common type of leiomyoma women experience. The symptoms of this issue are the pelvic pain, heavy menstrual bleeding, and back pain.
Submucosal Fibroids: The submucosal fibroids grew right below the lining of the uterus. They are the least common type of fibroids that can occur in the uterus of a woman. They are the ones that create a number of problems. Even the smallest of submucosal fibroids can lead to heavy bleeding, gushing and heavy as well as prolonged periods.
So these are certain types of leiomyoma of the uterus. If you feel that something is not right with your system, consult your doctor immediately. About 40% of the women that are of 35 years’ age or greater are likely to have these fibroids. Moreover, the African American women are the ones that are at higher risk as about 50% of these women have fibroids.
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